According to the WMO (World Meteorological Organisation), the global mean temperature for the period January to October 2019 was 1.1 ± 0.1 °C above pre-industrial conditions (1850–1900).
About 12 years back, I was struck with the dichotomy between ecological goals and developmental goals. During my college days, I did a lot of adventure sports in the Himalayas and noticed that nature had a lot to give us, but is often considered more valuable dead than alive. We had plundered and killed our bountiful nature in the name of development and progress. This is one of the reasons I co-founded one of the largest youth climate movements in India, called the Indian Youth Climate Network.Each and every one of us has the solutions for reducing our own carbon footprint, and collectively we can do a lot for making the paradigm shift. This is especially relevant to the biggest polluters, including the Oil and Gas, Mining, Thermal Power, etc. industries.
We all know that the climate impacts have worsened in the last few years. Even though science has been quite clear on human-induced climate change for more than two decades, the recent IPCC (Inter Governmental Panel of Climate Change) report AR 6 from the IPCC , has shown a significant scientific consensus. The evidence mount every week, we are all experiencing climate change in one way or another, from unprecedented precipitation and colder than average temperatures in the US to extreme heat and catastrophic fires in Australia.
WMO reports that large areas of the Arctic were unusually warm in 2019, and most land areas were warmer than recent averages, including South America, Europe, Africa, Asia and Oceania. This shows that a direct impact of global warming, as increasing concentration of GHGs (greenhouse gases), create the green house effect, trapping unprecedented heat within the Earth’s atmosphere. The impact is not just limited to temperature; the difference in temperature has influenced the pressure systems, which is changing the direction of currents, and making them more intense. The extreme weather events have a devastating effect on communities, wildlife and habitat. The most recent fires in Australia destroyed 1,588 homes and additionally over 650 were damaged in New South Wales alone, and the impact of the fire engulfed several towns.
The world is spending billions on disaster relief every year, much of which goes to large NGOs and development organisations for disaster damage reduction as well as immediate relief to victims. Very little is spent on nature-based solutions or ecosystems approaches, which are needed to avoid future disasters. In a recent interview with the climate desk at IFC (International Finance Corporation), I learned that they invest almost 500 million USD on mitigation (reducing Greenhouse gas emissions) in South Asia and South East Asia, but almost nothing on Adaptation or building resilience. The recent budget of the Indian government announced a plan to spend 3.14 billion USD on mitigation and the renewables sector (Hindustan times, 2020), and even though a German Watch (global climate risk, 2020) study says that India is the 5th most vulnerable country to climate crisis, and in 2018 India recorded the highest number of deaths and second highest of monetary losses. It does not have an Adaptation action plan to become more resilient.
Earth Saver is a campaign to raise awareness of the potential to invest in Nature-Based Solutions as an incentive-based mechanism for mitigation and adaptation to climate crisis and re-building a new green economy. Our research shows that methodologies like permaculture, Agroforestry, and Zero budget Natural Farming could enhance our capacity to grow food, fuel and fiber in the most vulnerable and poorest corners of the world. Today with mobile phone technology, sensors, internet and satellite data, we can provide and collect data on the bounty that Earth provides when communities work with the principles of people who care and an Earth which is cared for. We will work with partners to make sense of this data, and integrate the value chain, so that vulnerable communities in the Sunderbans or in Koala corridors of Australia, or other such ecosystems get paid for their efforts of conservation. On top of this their natural produce of superfoods, biomass and bio degradable fibers finds new markets.
Donating or investing through Earth Saver could be the smartest and fastest way of slowing down the climate fury and allowing the creation of regenerative economy which cares for people and pla